WG Anthropogenic impacts

WG Anthropogenic impacts

 

The group is composed of researchers from various disciplines. They study the impacts and consequences of human activities on the marine environment, from marine pollution and the effects of climate change to responses at different levels of biological organisation.

 

 

 Fields of research and expertise

 

Research:

- Marine pollution: study of marine pollution with different organic and inorganic pollutants, hydrocarbons (aliphatic and polycyclic aromatic), PCBs and chlorinated pesticides, organotin compounds and metals (determination of pollutant distribution, concentrations, sources and the impact on marine environment)
- Marine litter, plastics, microplastics: study of pollution of the sea by plastic materials and especially microplastics (determination of microplastics distribution, concentrations in seawater, marine sediments and organisms, determination of sources of plastic materials)
- the degradation and transformation of organic compounds in marine environment, especially the photochemical degradation
- photocatalysed degradation of organic pollutants in different aqueous media under artificial light and in field conditions
- anthropogenic impact (mariculture, marine transport and port activities, sewage release, hypoxia and anoxia) on meiofauna communities
- climate change impacts (ocean acidification, hypoxia, warming, marine heat wave) and biological vulnerability and risk assessment
- impact of climate change on marine calcifying organisms: study of the responses across various levels of biological organisation (genetic, subcellular, cellular, physiological and organismal) and community structure
- Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) strategies
- Study of environmental stress on physiology and connectivity of marine species (jellyfish, mussels)

 

 

Expertise:

- Sampling, sample preparation and analyses of organic compounds, including pollutants, by different chromatographic techniques
- Sampling, sample preparation and analyses of microplastics in seawater, sediments and organisms; determination of plastic material by infrared spectroscopy (ATR FTIR and µ-FTIR)
- Photochemical and photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants; determination of kinetics, influence of different matrices and analyses of formed photoproducts
- identification of harpacticoid copepods
- biomarker development for global change biology
- correlation, synthesis of multiple stressors on various levels of biological organization and across different trophic levels
- data and approach synthesis related to the modelling, physical-chemical observational and biological responses
- threshold science for ocean acidification assessment for regional and global assessments

 

 

 

Staff members

 

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Oliver Bajt

https://www.nib.si/mbp/en/cv/oliver-bajt

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Assist. Prof. Dr. Andreja Ramšak

https://www.nib.si/mbp/en/cv/andreja-ramsak

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Dr. Mateja Grego

https://www.nib.si/mbp/en/cv/mateja-grego

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Dr. Nina Bednaršek

https://www.nib.si/component/directory/?view=details&id=328&Itemid=12

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Jena Jamšek PhD Student

http://www.nib.si/mbp/en/cv/jena-jamsek

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Živa Muhič

https://www.nib.si/component/directory/?view=details&id=318&Itemid=12

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Projects

 

Coastal Sea Research – ARRS Research Programme P1-0237 

1.1.2020-31.12.2025

http://www.nib.si/eng/index.php/projects?view=project&id=166

 

Plastic Pirates - Go Europe; young Citizen Scientists with a mission to collect data and disseminate knowledge about plastic and microplastic pollution of rivers (V1-2040)

1.4.2021 - 30.6.2022

https://www.plastic-pirates.eu/en

 

Biomarkers of subcellular stress in the Northern Adriatic under global environmental change

1.11.2020 - 31.10.2023

http://www.nib.si/projektinib?view=project&id=354

 

Marine pollution with microplastics and organic pollutants - ARRS Research Programme P1-0237

 

 

Bilateral Project Slovenia-Serbia:  Induction of oxidative stress by microplastic particles with adsorbed hydrophobic organic pollutants in edible mussels

 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2022

http://www.nib.si/projektinib?view=project&id=339

 

ENVRI FAIR

1.1. 2019 - 31. 12. 2022

https://cordis.europa.eu/project/id/824068

 

RI-SI-LifeWatch

29. 12. 2019 - 30. 9. 2021

https://www.lifewatch.eu/slovenia

 

Application of DNA technology for the detection of adulteration in fishery products through the evaluation of socio-economic aspects (CRP Let's secure food for tomorrow, project V1-1808)

1. 11. 2018 - 31. 10. 2020 (extension to 31.03.2021)

https://www.nib.si/aktualno/novice/1265-uporaba-tehnologije-dna-za-ugotavljanje-poneverb-v-ribiskih-proizvodih-z-vrednotenjem-socio-ekonomskih-vidikov-crp-zagotovimo-si-hrano-za-jutri-st-projekta-v1-1808

 

FISH-AGRO TECH CBC Interreg Italia-Slovenia-European Regional Development Fund 01.07.2017 - 31. 12. 2019 (extension to 31.03.2021)

http://www.nib.si/eng/index.php/novice/590-project-details-fish-agro-tech-cbc

 

AssemblePlus - Association of European Marine Biological Laboratories Expanded (H2020 Research and Innovation Action), duration 01. 10. 2017 do 30.09.2021 (extension to 30.09.2022)

http://www.nib.si/eng/index.php/novice/593-nib-participates-in-the-assemble-plus-project

 

MARISTEM COST Action 16203 Stem cells of marine/aquatic invertebrates: from basic research to innovative applications

02.10.2017 - 30.09. 2021 (extension to 31.03.2022)

http://www.nib.si/eng/index.php/novice/589-maristem-cost-action-16203

 

SEA-UNICORN COST Action 19107

https://www.sea-unicorn.com/

 

 

Publications

 

ROSNER, Amalia, ARMENGAUD, Jean, BALLARIN, Loriano, BARNAY-VERDIER, Stéphanie, CIMA, Francesca, VARELA COELHO, Ana, DOMART-COULON, Isabelle, DROBNE, Damjana, GENEVIERE, Anne-Marie, JEMEC KOKALJ, Anita, KOTLARSKA, Ewa, RAMŠAK, Andreja, et al. Stem cells of aquatic invertebrates as an advanced tool for assessing ecotoxicological impacts. Science of the total environment. 17 Jan. 2021, vol. , [article] 144565, str. [1-117], ilustr. ISSN 0048-9697. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720380967?via%3Dihub#!, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.144565. [COBISS.SI-ID 48752387]

 

OBST, Matthias, EXTER, Katrina, ALLCOCK, A. Louise, ARVANITIDIS, Christos, AXBERG, Alizz, BUSTAMANTE, Maria, FORTIČ, Ana, MAVRIČ, Borut, RAMŠAK, Andreja, et al. A marine biodiversity observation network for genetic monitoring of hard-bottom communities (ARMS-MBON). Frontiers in marine science. Nov. 2020, vol. 7, str. 1-9, ilustr. ISSN 2296-7745. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2020.572680/full, DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.572680. [COBISS.SI-ID 40033027]

 

PERIĆ, Lorena, NERLOVIĆ, Vedrana, ŽURGA, Paula, ŽILIĆ, Luka, RAMŠAK, Andreja. Variations of biomarkers response in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis to low, moderate and high concentrations of organic chemicals and metals. Chemosphere. [Print ed.]. 2017, vol. 174, str. 554-562, ilustr. ISSN 0045-6535. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653517301601, DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.01.138. [COBISS.SI-ID 4231247]

 

GREGO, Mateja, MALEJ, Alenka, DE TROCH, Marleen. The depleted carbon isotopic signature of nematodes and harpacticoids and their place in carbon processing in fish farm sediments. Frontiers in marine science, ISSN 2296-7745, Jul. 2020, vol. 7, article 572, str. 1-15, ilustr. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2020.00572/full, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00572. [COBISS.SI-ID 24147971]

 

PALATINUS, Andreja, KOVAČ VIRŠEK, Manca, ROBIČ, Uroš, GREGO, Mateja, BAJT, Oliver, ŠILJIĆ, Jasna, SUARIA, Giuseppe, LIUBARTSEVA, Svitlana, COPPINI, Giovanni, PETERLIN, Monika. Marine litter in the Croatian part of the middle Adriatic Sea : simultaneous assessment of floating and seabed macro and micro litter abundance and composition. Marine pollution bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, 2019, vol. 139, str. 427-439, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.12.038. [COBISS.SI-ID 4967247]

 

BALDRIGHI, Elisa, SEMPRUCCI, Federica, FRANZO, Annalisa, CVITKOVIĆ, Ivan, BOGNER, Danijela, DESPALATOVIĆ, Marija, BERTO, Daniela, FORMALEWICZ, Margherita Malgorzata, ALFONSO, Scarpato, FRAPICCINI, Emanuela, MARINI, Mauro, GREGO, Mateja. Meiofaunal communities in four Adriatic ports : baseline data for risk assessment in ballast water management. Marine pollution bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, 2018, vol. , no. , 14 str., [in press], doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.06.056. [COBISS.SI-ID 4910415]

 

BAJT, Oliver, RAMŠAK, Andreja, MILUN, Vesna, ANDRAL, Bruno, ROMANELLI, Giulia, ALFONSO, Scarpato, MITRIĆ, Milena, KUPUSOVIĆ, Tarik, KLJAJIĆ, Zoran, ANGELIDIS, Michael, ÇULLAJ, Algi, GALGANI, François. Assessing chemical contamination in the coastal waters of the Adriatic Sea using active mussel biomonitoring with Mytilus galloprovincialis. Marine pollution bulletin, ISSN 0025-326X, 2019, vol. 141, str. 283-298, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.02.007. [COBISS.SI-ID 5013071]

BEDNARŠEK, Nina, FEELY, Richard Alan, BECK, Marcus W., ALIN, Simone R., SIEDLECKI, Samantha A., CALOSI, Piero, NORTON, Emily L., SAENGER, Casey, ŠTRUS, Jasna, GREELEY, Dana, NEZLIN, Nikolay, ROETHLER, Miranda, SPICER, John I. Exoskeleton dissolution with mechanoreceptor damage in larval Dungeness crab related to severity of present-day ocean acidification vertical gradients. Science of the total environment, ISSN 0048-9697, 2020, vol. 716, str. 1-12, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136610. [COBISS.SI-ID 9403001]

CAI, Wei-Jun, FEELY, Richard Alan, TESTA, Jeremy M., LI, Ming, EVANS, Wiley, ALIN, Simone R., XU, Yuan-Yuan, PELLETIER, Greg, AHMED, Anise, GREELEY, Dana J., NEWTON, Jan A., BEDNARŠEK, Nina. Natural and anthropogenic drivers of acidification in large estuaries. Annual review of marine science, ISSN 1941-0611, Jan. 2021, vol. 13, str. 23-55, ilustr. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-marine-010419-011004#_i61, doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-010419-011004. [COBISS.SI-ID 49838339]

 

BEDNARŠEK, Nina, FEELY, Richard Alan, HOWES, Ella, HUNT, Brian, KESSOURI, Faycal, LEÓN, Pablo, LISCHKA, Silke, MAAS, Amy E., MCLAUGHLIN, Karen, NEZLIN, Nikolay, SUTULA, Martha, WEISBERG, Stephen B. Systematic review and meta-analysis toward synthesis of thresholds of ocean acidification impacts on calcifying pteropods and interactions with warming. Frontiers in marine science, ISSN 2296-7745, 2019, vol. 6, art. no. 227, str. 1-16, ilustr. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00227, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00227. [COBISS.SI-ID 9395321]

 

 

Collaborations

 

Inštitut za vode Republike Slovenije http://www.izvrs.si/

University of Ljubljana https://www.uni-lj.si

Institut Ruđer Bošković https://www.irb.hr/

University of Ghent (Marine Biology Research Group) https://www.ugent.be/en

University of Trieste https://www.units.it/en

NOAA https://www.noaa.gov/

OGS https://www.inogs.it/

University of Oregon https://www.uoregon.edu/

University of Washington https://www.washington.edu/

Puget Sound Restoration Fund https://restorationfund.org/

Instituto Milenio de Oceanografia https://es.imo-chile.cl/

JAMSTEC http://www.jamstec.go.jp/e/

NOVIA University https://www.novia.fi/novia-uas/

Kiel University (Kiel Science Factory) https://www.uni-kiel.de/en/

Ciencia Viva https://www.cienciaviva.pt/

 

 

Other activities

 

 

Service in international scientific associations and scientific boards:

 

- EUROMARINE member of Steering Committee  and GA representative of NIB (dr. Andreja Ramšak) https://www.euromarinenetwork.eu/

- Member of Scientific Advisory and Technical Board of LifeWatch - ERIC (dr. Andreja Ramšak) https://www.lifewatch.eu/web/guest/home

- Member of Steering Committee of LifeWatch Slovenia (dr. Andreja Ramšak) https://www.lifewatch.eu/slovenia

 

 

Teaching:

 

- University of Primorska, FAMNIT

- International Postgraduate School IJS

- University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Maritime Studies and Transport

 

 

Science communication activities:

 

- Open Door Day of MBS- NIB yearly on the World Oceans Day

- Researchers night 2018, 2019

- Media communication (national and international media CNN, Seattle Times, National Geographic, Rolling Stone ...)

- Mentoring students from developing countries through Pier2Pier

- Prometheus of Science Award in 2011 (film Between Land and Sea)

 

 

 

Gallery